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Monuments in Istanbul

Arap Mosque
Arap Mosquue, originally the Dominican Church of Saint Paul, is a mosque located on Kalyon Street in Galata, Istanbul.

Bodrum Mosque
The medieval structure, rather incongrously choked on three sides by modern blocks, stands in Istanbul, in the district of Eminönü, in the neighborhood of Aksaray, one kilometre west of the ruins of the Great Palace of Constantinople.

Bulgarian St Stephen Church
Bulgarian St Stephen Church, also known as the Bulgarian Iron Church, is a Bulgarian Orthodox church in Istanbul, famous for being made of cast iron.

Chora Church
The church is situated in the western, Edirnekapı district of Istanbul. In the 16th century, the church was converted into a mosque by the Ottoman rulers, and it became a secularised museum in 1948. The interior of the building is covered with fine mosaics and frescoes.

Çırağan Palace
The best sites along the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn had been reserved for the palaces and mansions of the sultans or important personalities. Most of these, however, have disappeared in time. One of these, the large Ciragan Palace, burned down in 1910.

Fatih Mosque
The Fatih Mosque Complex is a large mosque with its many dependencies in the Fatih district of Istanbul. Fatih Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror had the complex constructed by the architect Atik Sinan in 1463-1470, on the site of the former Church of the Holy Apostles, which was demolished in favor of it. It was the largest example of Turkish-Islamic architecture to that date and represented an important stage in the development of classic Turkish architecture.

Fenari Isa Mosque
The complex lies in Istanbul, in the district of Fatih, along the Vatan Caddesi avenue, in a modern context.

Pammakaristos Church
Pammakaristos Church is one of the most famous Byzantine churches in Istanbul, Turkey. The parekklesion, besides being one among the most important examples of Constantinople's palaiologan architecture, has the largest amount of Byzantine mosaics after the Hagia Sophia and Chora Church in Istanbul.

Galata Tower
The Galata Tower (Turkish: Galata Kulesi), also called Christea Turris (Tower of Christ) by the Genoese and Megalos Pyrgos (The Great Tower) by the Byzantines, is located in Istanbul, Turkey, to the north of the Golden Horn. One of the city's most striking landmarks, it is a huge, cone-capped cylinder that dominates the skyline on the Galata side of the Golden Horn.

Kalenderhane Mosque
Kalenderhane Mosque is a former Eastern Orthodox church converted into a mosque by the Ottomans. With high probability the church was originally dedicated to the Theotokos Kyriotissa. This building represents one among the few still extant examples of byzantine church with domed Greek cross plan.

Little Hagia Sophia
This Byzantine building with a central dome plan was erected in the 6th century and was a model for the Hagia Sophia, the main church of the Byzantine Empire. It is one of the most important early Byzantine buildings in Istanbul. The church was dedicated to the Saints Sergius and Bacchus.

Rumelihisarı is a fortress located in Istanbul on a hill at the European side of the Bosporus just north of the Bebek district; giving the name of the quarter around it. It was built by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II between 1451 and 1452, before he conquered Constantinople.

Dolmabahçe Palace
Located at the European side of the Bosphorus. The palace served as the main administrative center of the Ottoman Empire from 1853 to 1922, apart from a twenty-year period (1889-1909) in which the Yıldız Palace was used.

Topkapı Palace
Located at the tip of a spit of land in the European part of Istanbul. It was built on the site of the old acropolis of ancient Greek Byzantion. After the fall of Constantinople, it became not just the primary residence of the Ottoman sultans and their households, but also the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire

Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum, in Istanbul. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. It was the largest cathedral in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520.

Hagia Irene
Hagia Irene or Hagia Eirene is a former Eastern Orthodox church located in the outer courtyard of Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, Turkey. It is open as a museum every day except Monday, but requires special permission for admission.

Beylerbeyi Palace
Beylerbeyi Palace is a palace located in Beylerbeyi neighbourhood of Istanbul at the Asian side of the Bosphorus, situated just north of the Bosphorus Bridge today.

Küçüksu Palace
Küçüksu Palace or Küçüksu Kasrı is a palace in Istanbul, situated in Küçüksu neighborhood of Beykoz district, at the Asian shore of Bosphorus between Anadoluhisarı and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge today. The tiny palace was used by Ottoman sultans for short stays during country excursions and hunting.

Sultan Ahmed Mosque
The mosque is one of several mosques known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior. It was built between 1609 and 1616, during the rule of Ahmed I. Like many other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasah and a hospice. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque has become one of the greatest tourist attractions of Istanbul.

Süleymaniye Mosque
It was built on the order of sultan Suleiman I (Suleyiman the Magnificent) and was constructed by the great Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan. The construction work began in 1550 and the mosque was finished in 1557.

Palace of the Porphyrogenitus
Palace of the Porphyrogenitus, also known as the Palace of Constantine Porphyrogenitus is a 13th century Byzantine palace in the north-western part of the old city of Constantinople.

Palace of Boukoleon
Palace of Boukoleon or Bucoleon was one of the Byzantine palaces in Constantinople. It was probably built by Theodosius II in the 5th century.

Walls of Constantinople
Walls of Constantinople are a series of stone walls that have surrounded and protected the city of Constantinople since its founding as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. With numerous additions and modifications during their history, they are one of the greatest and most complex fortification systems ever built. - 2007