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Urban Centers in Istanbul

The Bosporus or Bosphorus, also known as the Istanbul Strait, is a strait that forms the boundary between the European part of Turkey and its Asian part. The world's narrowest strait used for international navigation, it connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara. istanbul bosphorus

This is the heart of the walled city of Constantine, the focus of a history of incredible richness. Eminönü covers the point on which the Byzantine capital was built.

Beyoğlu is a district located on the European side of İstanbul, separated from the old city (historic peninsula of Constantinople) by the Golden Horn. It was known as Pera in the Middle Ages, and this name remained in common use until the early 20th century and the establishment of the Turkish Republic.

Karaköy, the modern name for the ancient Galata, is a commercial neighborhood in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul, located at the northern part of the Golden Horn mouth on the European side of Bosphorus.

Anadoluhisarı is a fortress located in the Anatolian (Asian) side of the Bosporus, which also gives its name to the quarter around it. It was built between 1393 and 1394 by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I.

Ortaköy is a neighbourhood, formerly a small village, within the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul, located in the middle of the European bank of the Bosphorus. Ortaköy is a cosmopolitan area, with communities of Turks, Greeks, Armenians and taksim, istiklal avenue

Arnavutköy is a historic neighborhood in Istanbul, famous for its wooden Ottoman mansions and fish restaurants as well as the prestigious Robert College campus with its centennial buildings. It is part of the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul, and lies on the European side of the Bosphorus.

Bakırköy is a large, densely populated middle class residential suburb of İstanbul, on its European side, between the E5 main road and on the coast of the Sea of Marmara. Bakırköy is an important shopping and commercial center for İstanbul.

Bebek is one of the wealthiest neighbourhoods of Istanbul. It is located on the European shores of the Bosphorus and is surrounded by other wealthy districts such as Arnavutkoy, Etiler and Rumeli Hisari. It falls within the boundaries of Beşiktaş district of Istanbul.

Eyüp is a district of the city of Istanbul, up where the Kağıthane and Alibey streams meet at the head of the Golden Horn, Eyüp is of great historical importance, especially for Muslims, and is an attractive area to visit.

The streets in the area are full of historic wooden houses, churches, and synagogues dating from Byzantine and Ottoman times.

Golden Horn
Golden Horn is an inlet of the Bosphorus dividing the city of Istanbul and forming a natural harbor.

Kadıköy is a residential and commercial district, and with its numerous bars, cinemas and bookshops, is the cultural centre of the Anatolian side.

Princes' Islands
The Princes' Islands, are a chain of nine islands off the coast of Istanbul, in the Sea of Marmara. During the summer months the Princes’ Islands are popular destinations for day trips from Istanbul. As there is no traffic on the Islands, the only transport being horse and cart, they are incredibly peaceful compared with the city of Istanbul.

Sarıyer is the northern-most district on the European side of İstanbul, going right up to the Black Sea, an area blessed with coastlime and lush forest.

Üsküdar is a large and densely populated suburb of Istanbul, on the Anatolian shore of the Bosphorus right opposite the heart of the great city, next to Kadıköy. It is home to about half a million people.

It is located along the Marmara Sea about seven miles west of Istanbul's historic city centre. Before the rapid increase of Istanbul's population in the 1970s, Yeşilköy was merely a village and a sea resort. - 2007